Wednesday, April 02, 2014

Golden West vs. Goldenwest

Tractor pulling a 20-ton dredger for Golden West Celery & Produce Co., 1915.
The Mayor of Huntington Beach, Matthew Harper, (an old friend from my high school days), just asked me, "Goldenwest or Golden West? The question will be on the agenda on Monday."

The origins and correct spelling of this north-south street running through Huntington Beach and Westminster have led to more than a little head scratching in recent years. I still don't have all the answers, but here's what I've discovered so far...

Maps from 1911 to 1927 show the street’s name as Westminster Ave. One of the conventions for county roads was to name them for the community they led to.

By 1935 at the latest, the road was called Golden West Ave. It likely took its name from the Golden West Celery & Produce Co., which incorporated in 1902 and did its packing in the town of Smeltzer, near the spot where Edinger Ave. now crosses the railroad tracks. (It became the Golden West Warehouse Co. after the celery industry tanked.)

On a related note, the phrase “the Golden West” was often used in the late 1800s and early 1900s to evoke a certain romantic or nostalgic notion of California. Examples include the play and opera entitled “The Girl of the Golden West,” the local Golden West Citrus Association, and the fraternal service group known as the Native Sons of the Golden West.
Golden West College, named for the street, opened in 1966.
The earliest reference I’ve found (so far) to the one-word “Goldenwest” in connection with the street is on a 1962 county survey map (RSB 59/2-3). But that seems to have been a fluke rather than the norm at that time. Almost always, “Golden West” was the preferred spelling until at least the 1980s or 1990s.

Beginning around 1981, a few references to “Goldenwest Ave.” began to appear in newspapers. By the end of the 1980s it was showing up that way on county survey maps and a few street signs. In 1997, the Thomas Guide changed the spelling in their maps from “Golden West” to “Goldenwest.”

In the 2000s, the digital mapping software used by Huntington Beach's police and fire departments in responding to calls was unable to cope with a single street having multiple names. City Council Resolution 2009-76 adopted a single name for each street facing this problem. One of these "fixes" was the official changing of “Golden West Ave.” to “Goldenwest Street."

I guess we'll learn the next chapter of this story after the City Council meets on Monday.
Akiyama Goldfish Farm, Golden West Ave, looking north from Bolsa Ave., Westminster, circa 1960.

Tuesday, April 01, 2014

The Most Historic Building in Orange County?

In 1796, Don Jesus Jose Maria Andreas Santiago Antonio Abramowitz was given permission by Mission San Juan Capistrano to build a home at what’s now 31971 Camino Capistrano, on the northwest corner at Del Obispo St. The men of the family mixed the adobe and made bricks while the women shaped the red clay roof tiles over their ample thighs.

Almost immediately upon its completion, cliff swallows began building their nests in the eaves of the house. One day, Fr. Junipero Serra was passing by the house just as the Don's son, Tavo, was shooing the birds away. Serra invited the birds to come live at the Mission, and they’ve been returning there ever since.(This annual migration, of course, inspired that beloved romantic hit tune of the 1940s, "Inka Dinka Doo.")

In December 1818, the cut-throat pirate Hippolyte de Bouchard ransacked San Juan Capistrano and commandeered the old adobe as his base of operations, burying a share of his pirate treasure under the home’s dirt floors. It is said that some of the treasure may yet remain.
 
In the 1850s, the building served as a stagecoach stop and roadside coffeehouse, operated by Juan Valdez. In the early 1850s, Valdez let the adobe’s basement be used as a hide-out for the notorious highwayman Joaquin Murrieta. The famous bandit fell in love with Valdez’ daughter, Guadalupe. After Murrieta’s death, Guadalupe could never bring herself to marry another man. She would tell the story of her whirlwind romance to anyone who would listen, right up until her death at the astonishing age of 135.

(The basement later also served as a hideout for Juan Flores, the Tomato Springs Bandit, and Patty Hearst during her time with the S.L.A. Each fugitive left their name etched in the adobe walls.)

For some years after the mission was secularized, the adobe served as the local Catholic Church. In fact, it was here, in 1865, that President Abraham Lincoln signed the document which returned the mission to the Church’s ownership. It’s said that his ghost can still be seen playing mumbleypeg on the porch each Presidents Day at midnight.

Shortly after the repatriation of the mission, the old adobe was purchased by Horst D. Westenfiel who sold beer and sandwiches. Ramona, (the half-Indian beauty for whom Helen Hunt Jackson’s named her blockbuster novel), famously ate part of a cheese sandwich there in the 1870s. Beginning around 1890 and continuing for half a century, the adobe was best known to tens of thousands of tourists as "The Place Where Ramona Ate A Cheese Sandwich." (Trade in Ramona/sandwich-related tourist tchotchkes kept the town's economy afloat even during the Great Depression.)

Next to the adobe was the famous “Old Hanging Tree,” on which many a criminal met a sudden end. Eventually the tree died, but its wood was used to build actress Helena Modjeska's home in the Santa Ana Mountains.
The main room as it appeared prior to the 1960 adaptive reuse project. Note the circa 1900 fireplace.
The back room of the adobe -- accessible via an outside door -- served as the town's first public library until the 1920s, when the building's new owner, Bessie May Mucho converted the whole building into a combination cathouse and speakeasy.

Rumrunners brought in booze through an old tunnel in the basement – once used for quick escapes by Murrieta – which ended in another basement on the far side of Camino Capistrano. The tunnel is sealed off now, but still exists and is said to be haunted.

Because it was so historically important, Walter Knott moved the adobe to Knott’s Berry Farm in 1941. But he moved it back when Capistrano locals complained.

In the early 1950s, the adobe was part of a large area suggested as a site for the future Disneyland by the Stanford Research Institute in a report developed for Walt Disney. Being close to a freeway and another major tourist attraction (the mission) was seen as a benefit. But the site was ultimately found unsuitable because a portion of it sat on an ancient Indian cemetery. Walt said a cemetery in his theme park would have been, "like, a major bummer, man."
Among the more modern of the many historical plaques that slather the adobe.
In 1961, the building was rehabbed and repurposed to become San Juan Capistrano Bank. Conveniently, the corner intended as the vault already had double-reinforced walls thanks to a brief period during which the building was used as the county jail.

Since then, it has remained a bank, cycling through a number of names, including Southern California First National Bank and California First Bank. It was already a Union Bank (its current name) in 1996 when an unarmed but extremely convincing robber made off with almost $2,000.

Many famous Orange County residents, including Gwen Stefani, Dean R. Koontz, John Wayne, Dennis Rodman, Richard Nixon and Octomom, have done their banking there.

A recent environmental impact report on the adobe found it to have no historical significance. It's scheduled to be bulldozed and replaced with a frozen yogurt stand next year.

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Let's explore the Orange County Archives!

This photo was taken on Halloween. I don't normally dress like this for work!
I'm speaking on the subject of "What's New (and Old) at the Orange County Archives" at the March 13 meeting of the Orange County Historical Society, (this Thursday) 7:30 p.m., 2400 N. Canal St., in Orange. Along with an overview of the Archives, I'll be highlighting recent additions and sharing a new selection of rare historic photos (and film too, if time and technology allow). I know I've given talks about the Archives to many other organizations, but the majority of Thursday's program will be new and should be full of suprises for those who have seen my earlier presentations.

Here's a blurb on the Archives excerpted from this month's issue of the Orange County Courier:
In a democracy, access to public records – both past and present – is critical. Moreover, knowing our history is crucial to understanding our communities, where we’ve come from, and how best to plan for the future. And of course, preserving important information and images of the past is simply the right thing to do.

The Orange County Archives helps meet all these needs. It is a research center for the preservation and study of local history and is charged with promoting knowledge and understanding of the origins and history of Orange County.

Located in the Old Orange County Courthouse, at 211 W. Santa Ana Blvd, in Santa Ana, the Archives welcomes you to visit and use their unique collections of government records and other material documenting the rich history of our county.

The majority of the Archives’ records come from county government, beginning with Orange County’s separation from Los Angeles in 1889. However, when creating the Archives via an official resolution, the Orange County Board of Supervisors also provided that staff should collect “historical materials which are not official County records but which document the history of Orange County.” Because of this, the Archives has gathered and developed diverse collections that complement and strengthen one another.

Although its mission is partly to identify, collect, preserve and make available all these records, the Orange County Archives is more than its name might imply. It’s not a place where historical materials are simply boxed, numbered, and seldom seen again. These collections belong to the people of Orange County, and staff is on hand to help anyone and everyone find their way through 125 years of records in order to solve various historical, genealogical, and legal mysteries.

Archives staff members also organize historical exhibits, speak in public on subjects relating to county history, and sometimes help provide guidance for historical projects undertaken by county agencies or commissions. It is, in many ways, the central hub for Orange County history.

The Archives is a division of the Orange County Clerk-Recorder Dept., and is open to the public on weekdays (except holidays), 9:00 am to noon and 1:00 pm to 4:30 pm. For more information about the Archives, visit OCArchives.com or just stop by for a visit.

Saturday, March 01, 2014

The Taj Majal, aliens, Earl Nickles & Capistrano

I just came across this scene from the 1967 TV show, "The Invaders," featuring Laguna Hills' landmark Taj Majal Building(1964) in a starring role! (Didn't you always suspect that the at least some of South Orange County was developed by fiendish space aliens?) I understand that until 1968 the building was still owned by developer Ross Cortese, who headquartered his Leisure World Laguna Hills project there. (Hmmm.... Do you suppose the name of the "Santa Margaretta Dam" in this episode was borrowed from our old Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores?)

Our friend, Earl Nickles (the last of the railroad barbers) will share his collection of vintage local farm equipment at the Yorba Linda Historical Society, 7pm, March 10, at the Yorba Linda Community Center, 4501 Casa Loma Ave. Earl grew up on the Tuffree Ranch, so he can speak to the story of local agriculture first hand. His presentations are always both entertaining and educational.

The annual Fiesta de las Golondrinas is coming later this month, with the swallows theoretically making their return to Mission San Juan Capistrano on March 19. The Swallows Day Parade and Mercado Street Faire will be held on March 22.

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Evan Krewson (1926-2014)

Evan Krewson leads O.C. Historical Commission on a tour of Old Courthouse restoration work, 1985
All of us who care about Orange County history should be thankful for Evan Krewson, a Costa Mesa resident who passed away on  Jan. 13, 2014. Although not the best known name in historical circles today, it was Krewson who so lovingly and meticulously orchestrated the restoration and revival of the Old Orange County Courthouse in the 1980s.

Krewson grew up in Wheaton, Illinois where he excelled in sports. He joined the Merchant Marines and later served in the Army during WWII. In the 1950s, he was an officer in the Pasadena Police Department. He later worked for the Southern California Gas Co., learned heating and air conditioning and at one point taught classes in contracting.

But it was his work as Senior Project Manager for the Orange County General Services Agency -- overseeing the restoration of the traditional seat of local government -- which is best remembered by our historical community.

The Old Courthouse (as we now call it) was built in 1901 and it originally held all the offices of Orange County's government, not counting the jail (which stood immediately behind it). Although the building proved unable to serve all the needs of an ever-growing county, it continued to serve the public, remained the constant home of the county marriage office, and became burned in the minds of over a century of locals as the symbol and heart of Orange County itself. The last regular court session was held there in 1969, and within ten years the place was considered unsafe and was vacated. After a period during which the landmark's very existence was in peril, a plan for seismically retrofitting and restoring the Old Courthouse got underway in 1983.
Don Dobmeier, who served on the Orange County Historical Commission then (as now), remembers when the work began: "Evan Krewson wasn't our first project manager. Rick Garza was originally assigned, but was soon pulled off the job to build the new fire station at the airport. The two got along fine, but they had totally different styles. Krewson was very detail-oriented, went out of his way to get things correct to the era, and asked lots of good questions. He was very good at what he did."

In his book, Old Orange County Courthouse: A Centennial History (2001), historian Phil Brigandi wrote,
"[He] insisted on only the highest quality work from all the contractors on the job. 'The opportunity wasn't going to come around again,' [Krewson said], 'so that anything I was going to do would have to last for the next hundred years.

"The structural work was completed early in 1985, and the reconstruction of the interior began. ...By December 1985 the work was far enough along that the county's historical programs staff was able to begin moving into their new third floor offices. ...Original details were carefully restored or recreated from photographs and memories (the troublesome old chimney for the basement boiler - though no longer needed - was even reconstructed to keep the building's original exterior appearance intact). Temecula granite and Arizona sandstone were again imported for a few spots that needed repairs. "
Today, Brigandi (who was also a Historical Commissioner in the 1980s) says, "Evan was just the right person to supervise the restoration of the Old Courthouse. His attention to detail and devotion to the project is still obvious today, 25 years later. He even researched old construction techniques so they could follow the original specs on the building -- like a "broom finish" on the plaster. And he loved to show off the little details as well -- like the little hole in the sandstone on the east side of the building were the first phone line was run in."
Krewson lifted a 1901 time capsule from the Courthouse wall at a 1988 ceremony. Here, he and Historical Commissioner Jane Gerber install a new time capsule later that same year.
When it became clear that an elevator (not original to the building) must be added to the plan, Krewson made sure its appearance "fit the ambiance, yet let people know it's not historically part of the building." To this day, the elevator blends in so well that people often walk right by without seeing it -- Yet nobody would mistake it for anything but a modern piece of equipment.

Seismically, the courthouse reinforcements were "overdesigned by 50%," Krewson told the Los Angeles Times, "Which means if there's a building you want to be in during an earthquake, that's it."

One of Krewson's key sources of information about the original details of the Old Courthouse was Lecil Slaback - then in his 70s - who practically grew up in the building. Lecil's father, Lester Slaback, was the longtime Court Reporter there, and Lecil followed in his dad's professional footsteps. Old photos might help Krewson determine the shape of a missing light fixture, but Lecil could remember the color of the lamp as well. Of Krewson's work, Lecil would ultimately say, "He did a masterful job."

Rob Selway, the head of the County's Historical Programs Office, described the restoration project as it neared completion:
"Tons of steel and gunite now tie floors together and reinforce the brick and sandstone walls. Restoration is nearly complete for the exterior facades, the entry floor lobby and corridors, the grand staircase, and the third floor. Restored details include carefully researched and designed light fixtures, extensive tilework, oak wainscoting and other wood features such as doors and windows, marble and wrought iron stairway, polished concrete floors, plaster cornices and skylight basketweave surrounds, and original and period furniture and hardware."
L to R: Brigandi, Marshall Duell and Krewson in the Orange County Archives, 2004.
When the project was completed in 1988, Krewson told the Times, "We've taken care to make sure the museum is a showplace... We wanted to make it a window to the world, a place to enjoy, a walk into the past. This is a living museum, a working building. [It's] significant for children to see the origins of the county,... To sit in the judge's chair and get a sense of the history."

Indeed, not just children but thousands of Orange Countians of all ages get that sense of history and enjoy the simple beauty of this important landmark each year. I have been lucky enough to work in that wonderful building for the past 11 years and it continues to be an honor and a privilege. It's a special place in many ways. The work of Evan Krewson, along with the work of the preservationists, historians, elected officials, engineers, county workers and subcontractors who contributed to saving and restoring the Old Courthouse, deserves the whole county's appreciation.

I only met Evan Krewson briefly on a couple occasions, both well after his retirement. In each case, he had returned to the Old Courthouse to give the building a good going-over, look for any problems that might have cropped up, and make suggestions for any needed adjustments. Clearly, the Old Courthouse was always a part of him. Because of his care and attention to detail, his legacy to our community will continue to bring joy, beauty and an understanding of history to untold generations to come.

Evan Krewson is survived by his wife, Margaret Krewson; his daughters, Betty Lou Sasena, Cynthia Davis and Katherine Arceneaux; and by eight grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.

Sunday, February 23, 2014

Dizzyland, Santa Ana, 50 shades of Earl Grey, etc.

"When you wish upon a Schlitz..." Here's another 1974 photo (above) from the Werner Weiss Collection at the Orange County Archives. The building that housed Dizzyland, at 718 E. 4th St. at Lacy, in Santa Ana (as well as the building seen across the street) is long gone. I wonder if they got a visit from Disney's lawyers. It appears the building was The Imperial Cafe in 1941, El Charro Cafe in the 1950s, and Brick's Tavern in 1960, before serving as Dizzyland from at least 1966 until at least 1975. I'll bet there wasn't enough alcohol in the world to make this dive seem like "the happiest place on earth."

Charles Epting (son of Chris Epting) has his own book of Orange County history on the way: The New Deal in Orange County California. Charlie's been visiting us at the Archives since he was a kid, so it's pretty cool to see him diving in and writing his own books. (And the 1930s in O.C. is certainly a topic that could use more attention.) I'm looking forward to reading the book. In the meantime, here's the cover:
The Santa Ana Historical Preservation Society are holding another open house at the new Santa Ana Fire Museum, at 120 W. Walnut St., March 8, noon to 4pm. You may (or may not) remember my posts about this museum back in August. For more information, see the SAHPS website.

The Heritage Museum of Orange County (home of the Kellogg House in South Santa Ana) is taking another valiant stab at raising funds to restore the beautiful and historic Maag House and turn the first floor into space for rotating exhibits The inaugural exhibition, Journey Stories (on loan from the Smithsonian), is set to open in October, so the pressure is on!

Also coming up at the Heritage Museum of O.C., the Victorian Tea Society is holding what they're calling the “Shades of Earl Grey Tea" on March 15. I think I'm too young to be told what that's all about.

Friday, February 21, 2014

Natalie Kotsch

According to the O.C. Register, Natalie Kotsch, founder of Huntington Beach's International Surfing Museum, died Thursday night after a long bout with cancer. Kotsch launched the museum in 1987 and it has remained one of those rare downtown spots where folks can still go to get a glimpse of old (pre-redevelopment) Huntington Beach. Here's an interesting item from her museum's website:
"[The] International Surfing Museum was founded several decades ago by a woman who's never surfed. In fact, Natalie Kotsch (pictured with a rare electric surfboard) came from a spot in Canada where there really wasn't any surfing. She recognized this incredible beach vibe and a welcoming spirit that made her feel happy in Huntington Beach, and she got caught in a fever that snags many who live in beach areas around the globe. 'You don't have to surf to love watching the sport,' said Kotsch. ...Thanks to her efforts, many of the great surfboards and local history have an opportunity to be preserved in a huge, cataloged collection that rotates in the museum."
Memorial plans have not yet been announced. To leave a card for the family, stop by the museum or send to Family of Natalie Kotsch, 218 7th St., Huntington Beach, 92648. The family is asking for donations to the museum in lieu of flowers.

Thursday, February 20, 2014

Photography, Scene Painting, Wintersburg, Costa Mesa, Laguna Beach, etc.

My friend Werner Weiss donated digital rights to a good portion of his collection of 1970s Orange County (non-Disney) slides to the Orange County Archives (where I'm the Assistant Archivist). There are hundreds of wonderful images in this collection, and I'm gradually cleaning up the dust, correcting cockeyed scans, etc, as time allows. I recently posted the first batch of these images on the Archives' Flickr account, but I thought I'd also post one of my (many) favorites here. The image above shows the old Edwards Cinema on Adams Ave. near Harbor Blvd in Costa Mesa in 1974. (Somewhere, I have my own photo of the wonderful freestanding sign that stood nearby.) As you can see, this was a lovely building before it was remodeled beyond recognition. The only time I ever snuck into a movie was here. As kids, my friends and I saw a Disney movie on one screen and afterward scrambled across to the other screen to see the end of Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Werner's old slides also reminded me of a day he and I spent at Disney's California Adventure in 2007. Disney had just announced that DCA would soon be heavily altered/remodeled, and we decided to spend a day photo-documenting pretty much everything in the park before it disappeared. I just posted a batch of photos from that day on my personal Flickr account. Fans of Disney or extremely-recent history might also want to check that out.
Detail from "Near Modesto" (1940) by Emil Kosa Jr.
The Irvine Museum has a wonderful exhibit called "California Scene Paintings: 1920s-1970s" on display through May 8th. Guest curator (and all-round good guy) Gordon T. McClelland has made sure to include a bit more Orange County content in the Irvine appearance of this exhibit, which previously appeared in Pasadena. Artists represented include Millard Sheets, Phil Dike, Emil Kosa Jr., Milford Zornes, Rex Brandt, Ben Norris, John Bohnenberger, Art Riley and Preston Blair (husband of Mary Blair). I can't wait to go see this!
Mary Adams Urashima will hold her first book signing for the long-awaited Historic Wintersburg in Huntington Beach at 2pm, March 9, on the second floor of Barnes & Noble, 7881 Edinger Ave #110, in Huntington Beach. She'll be giving a talk and selling and signing books. Mary, who's working hard to save the remains of the historic Japanese community at Wintersburg, says "It's a great book to give to your local elected official or congressman, with a note about the importance of preservation."

Speaking of the fight to save Wintersburg, there's an article about it in the Huffington Post (featuring one of my photos), and another one on KCET's website.
"Women by Car, Laguna Beach, California," circa 1950, by Paul Outerbridge
The Old Orange County Courthouse is featuring an exhibit entitled "Paul Outerbridge: New Color Photographs from Mexico and California, 1948–1955," through March 21. The exhibit features "recently discovered, dynamic, vibrant color images ...by the the late visionary photographer Paul Outerbridge, who was considered a master of color photography.” A good number of the photos depict scenes from Laguna Beach. A press release with more information is available on the OC Parks website.
Joe Dunn, author of Pocket of Paradise: The Story of Beach Road, will speak at the Dana Point Historical Society on Feb. 26, 7pm, at the City Hall Chambers. Dunn's book traces "the story of Capistrano Beach’s Beach Road from the days of Junipero Serra to the early development by the Doheny family and to the creation of the Hobie Cat sailboat right there on the beach. He introduces the locals, tells the stories, and brings to life the small Southern California beach community that has had a big impact on the country’s surf-and-beach lifestyle culture." Also appearing will be local sailing legend Wayne Schafer.
You may have noticed the recent article in the O.C. Register about the former home of artists Jo and Esther Dendel. (Photo of an interior wall/clock shown above.) The Costa Mesa Historical Society's Museum at 1870 Anaheim Ave. is now featuring an exhibit about the Dendel's arts and crafts, including work produced by their Denwar studios. I can't rely on Register stories to remain linkable these days, but I did find an interesting (and well-illustrated) article about their amazing Costa Mesa home on MidCenturyModernRemodel.com. The CMHS Museum is open Thursdays and Fridays, 10am to 3pm.

And on a final note, the Orange County Historical Society's upcoming field trip to the ghost town of Calico is now completely booked up. But if you're still determined, email activities@orangecountyhistory.org to be put on a waiting list in case of cancellations. If there's enough demand, they may even do the trip again someday.